Symptoms of HIV: Easy Way to Know If You Have HIV

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Symptoms of HIV: Easy Way to Know If You Have HIV

Knowing your HIV Status is very important. This page will teach you or have Symptoms of HIV. 

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Testing is the only way to know for sure if you have HIV. You can’t tell if you have HIV just by looking at your symptoms.

 

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Knowing your HIV status provides you with valuable information that can help you and your partner(s) stay healthy:

 

  • If you test negative: Today, there are more HIV prevention tools than ever before.
  • If you test positive : HIV can be treated with medication. You can reduce the amount of HIV in your blood (your viral load) to such a low level that a test can’t detect it if you take HIV medicine as directed every day (called an undetectable viral load). The best way to stay healthy is to achieve and maintain an undetectable viral load. You have virtually no risk of transmitting HIV to an HIV-negative partner if your viral load remains undetectable.
  • If you are pregnant,: You should be tested for HIV so that you can begin treatment as soon as possible if you are found to be positive. If an HIV-positive woman receives HIV treatment early in her pregnancy, the risk of transmitting HIV to her unborn child can be very low, if not non-existent.

Make use of the HIV Services Locator to locate an HIV testing facility in your area.

It is also possible to test for HIV on one’s own. It is possible to take an HIV test and receive the results in the privacy of one’s own home or other private location with self-testing. You should purchase a self-test kit from a pharmacy or order one online, or your health care provider may be able to place an order for you. Other organisations such as health departments or community-based organisations may also provide self-test kits at no cost.

What Are the Symptoms of HIV?

HIV manifests itself in a variety of ways. Not everyone will experience the same signs and symptoms. It is dependent on the individual and the stage of the disease in which they are at.

The following are the three stages of HIV infection, as well as some of the symptoms that people may experience.

Stage 1: Acute HIV Infection

Within 2 to 4 weeks of being infected with HIV, approximately two-thirds of the population will experience a flu-like illness. This is the body’s natural response to being infected with the HIV virus.

The first signs of HIV infection may be flu-like symptoms:

  • Muscle aches
  • Sore throat
  • Fatigue
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Mouth ulcers
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Rash
  • Night sweats

These signs and symptoms of HIV can last anywhere from a few days to several weeks depending on the individual. However, some people do not show any signs or symptoms at all during this early stage of HIV infection.

It is important not to assume that you have HIV simply because you are experiencing any of these symptoms, as they can be similar to those caused by other illnesses.

However, if you believe you may have been exposed to HIV, you should get tested.

Here’s what to do:

  • Locate an HIV testing site near you

In addition to your primary care provider’s office and the local health department, you can get an HIV test at a health clinic and a variety of other locations. Make use of the HIV Services Locator to locate an HIV testing facility in your area.

  • Demand for an HIV test for recent infection

The majority of HIV tests look for antibodies (proteins produced by your body in response to HIV), rather than HIV itself. However, it may take several weeks after you become infected for your body to begin producing them. It is possible to perform other types of tests to detect HIV infection sooner rather than later. Inform your doctor or clinic if you believe you have been exposed to HIV recently, and inquire as to whether their tests can detect early infection.

  • You should Know your status

After you’ve been tested, make sure to learn the results of your test. If you’ve been diagnosed with HIV, see a doctor as soon as possible so that you can begin treatment with an HIV medication regimen. Also, keep in mind that when you are in the early stages of an HIV infection, you are at extremely high risk of transmitting the virus to others. It is critical to take steps to reduce your chances of contracting the virus. If you are HIV-negative, there are prevention tools available to you, such as pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), that can assist you in maintaining your status.

Stage 2: Clinical Latency

While in this stage, the virus continues to replicate at a low level, but it is not harmful. People who are in this stage may not feel sick or show any signs of illness. This stage is referred to as chronic HIV infection in some circles.

People can remain in this stage for 10 to 15 years if they do not receive HIV treatment, but some people progress through this stage more quickly.

It is possible to protect your health and virtually eliminate the risk of transmitting HIV to your sexual partner if you take HIV medication on a daily basis, exactly as prescribed, and achieve and maintain an undetectable viral load (s).

However, if your viral load is detectable, you may be able to transmit HIV during this stage, even if you are not experiencing any symptoms. It is critical to visit your health-care provider on a regular basis to have your viral load evaluated.

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Stage 3: AIDS

If you have HIV and are not taking HIV medication, the virus will eventually weaken your body’s immune system, causing you to develop HIV-related complications such as AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). The late stage of HIV infection is indicated by the term “late stage.”Symptoms of HIV: Easy Way to Know If You Have HIV

Major Symptoms of AIDS can include:

  • Rapid weight loss
  • Sores of the mouth, anus, or genitals
  • Pneumonia
  • Red, brown, pink, or purplish blotches on or under the skin or inside the mouth, nose, or eyelids
  • Memory loss, depression, and other neurologic disorders
  • Recurring fever or profuse night sweats
  • Extreme and unexplained tiredness
  • Prolonged swelling of the lymph glands in the armpits, groin, or neck
  • Diarrhea that lasts for more than a week

Each one of these symptoms can be associated with a variety of other illnesses. The only way to know for certain whether or not you have HIV is to get tested for it. A health care provider will determine whether or not you have HIV stage 3 (AIDS) if you are HIV-positive based on certain medical criteria if you are HIV-positive.

Many of the severe symptoms and illnesses associated with HIV disease are caused by opportunistic infections, which occur as a result of the damage done to your body’s immune system. If you are experiencing any of the symptoms listed above, you should seek medical attention.

That is all the latest information on HIV and   

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