The landmark decision Roe vs Wade, which upheld the right to an abortion in the US for almost 50 years, has been overturned by the US Supreme Court.
The nation’s highest court declared in a decision made public on Friday that “the Constitution does not confer a right to abortion” in a case involving Mississippi.
The court’s supermajority of conservative justices helped the justices vote 6-3 in favour.
The judgement states that “the power to regulate abortion is returned to the people and their elected representatives.”
Following a draught opinion’s leak last month that suggested Roe vs Wade would be overturned, the decision was made.
Reproductive rights activists claimed that millions of women would no longer have access to abortion services, which led to widespread protests and condemnation across the US.
Original of Roe vs Wade abortion rights
Since the 1973 legal precedent has been overturned, more than two dozen US states are likely to outlaw abortion, according to the reproductive rights organization Guttmacher Institute.
This move, according to rights groups, disproportionately harms low-income women and communities of colour.
In their decision on Friday, the justices ruled that the 1973 Roe vs Wade decision, which legalized abortions performed between 24 and 28 weeks of pregnancy before a foetus would be viable outside the womb, was incorrectly decided because the US Constitution does not specifically mention the right to an abortion.
Roe vs Wade ruling
The Roe vs Wade ruling had argued that a woman’s right to an abortion was protected by the US Constitution’s guarantee of personal privacy.
Later, in Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v. Casey, the Supreme Court upheld the right to an abortion and barred legislation that placed a “undue burden” on obtaining one.
In his opinion published on Friday, conservative Supreme Court Justice Samuel Alito argued that Roe and Planned Parenthood v. Casey were wrong when they were decided and must be overturned.
“In our opinion, Roe and Casey must be rejected. Abortion is not mentioned in the Constitution, and no constitutional provision implicitly protects this right, according to Alito.
The Roe decision was also overturned by Justices Clarence Thomas, Neil Gorsuch, Brett Kavanaugh, and Amy Coney Barrett. Trump appointed the final three justices.
The Mississippi law at the centre of the case, which forbids abortions after 15 weeks of pregnancy, was upheld by chief justice John Roberts, who nonetheless voted in favour of the decision.
Elena Kagan, Sonia Sotomayor, and Stephen Breyer, all liberal justices, cast the dissenting votes.
We dissent, they wrote, “with sorrow for this Court, but more so for the many millions of American women who today have lost a fundamental constitutional protection.”
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According to opinion surveys, the majority of Americans support legalized abortion.
The goal of anti-abortion activists and Christian conservatives, however, has been to overturn Roe for decades.
Annual anti-abortion marches are held in Washington, including one in January of this year.
That is the latest Foreign News Today on Roe vs Wade : US Supreme Court ends right to abortion
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