Research Consultant at ActionAid (AA) Nigeria

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ActionAid (AA) Nigeria is an affiliate of ActionAid International, which is a world alliance of organisations working in direction of attaining a world with out poverty and injustice by which each particular person enjoys the best to a life with dignity. As a big and visual improvement organisation, we work in additional than 40 international locations in Africa, Asia, Europe and America. Our experience lies in community-led approaches to improvement and dealing by way of partnerships with the poor and different grass root organisations.

We are recruiting to fill the place under:

Job Title: Research Consultant (Public Investment in Eko Excel and Edo Best Education Programme in Nigeria)

Location: Nigeria
Contract: Short Term

Background
Nigeria is a signatory to many worldwide treaties aimed at guaranteeing that youngsters’s elementary proper to training is fulfilled. Despite these commitments, and regardless of the problem of acquiring correct, up-to-date figures estimated that 1 in 5 youngsters of major faculty age who’re out of faculty are at the moment in Nigeria.

In addition, in Nigeria, two-thirds of youngsters within the poorest households will not be at school and virtually 90 per cent of them will most likely by no means enroll. In order to answer the scenario and obtain commitments made at nationwide and worldwide degree, the federal and state governments have made a number of efforts to put money into the training sector. However, lately, the nation has witnessed a gradual degradation in infrastructure, manpower improvement and entry to qualitative training.

Meanwhile, federal authorities spending on training in Nigeria is amongst the bottom on the earth, and though at state degree funding within the training sector might attain, or at instances even exceed globally agreed benchmarks of 4-6% of GDP and 15- 20% of nationwide finances wanted to attain SDG4 at federal degree the scenario is way much less encouraging with below 2percent3 of GDP and seven.41% of nationwide finances allotted to the sector.

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In addition, even the place state-level allocations might attain or exceed benchmark targets, the continued challenges with poor high quality service provision and the huge numbers of youngsters who stay out of faculty as effectively a scarcity of drawdown of UBEC matching funds, point out that quantities are both inadequate to satisfy actual wants and/or inadequately managed or utilised.

According to the Permanent Secretary, in 2018 solely 24 out of 36 states accessed Universal Basic Education (UBE) funds in full 4 . In the meantime, given the failure of the state to finance a high quality public training system that may adequately address the massive demand, there was a rising curiosity within the enlargement of personal suppliers of training to fill the hole. This is especially the case in States reminiscent of Lagos, FCT, Kano, Rivers, simply to say just a few.

The Breaking Barriers Project The Breaking Barriers mission is a 4 year, multi nation mission funded by the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (Norad), which is being applied in Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria and Tanzania. All 4 international locations are working in direction of a typical aim, which is to make sure that all youngsters, particularly women and marginalised youngsters, have entry to free, high quality, publicly-funded, inclusive public training.

The mission’s aims are structured round ActionAid’s 4S framework for training financing, emphasising the necessity to make sure that:

  • Governments take actions to extend the SIZE of nationwide budgets by elevating truthful tax
  • Governments take actions to extend the SHARE of funds allotted to and spent on free, high quality, inclusive public training
  • Public training insurance policies, techniques and expenditure are SENSITIVE to the rights of ladies and marginalised youngsters
  • A powerful lively motion of neighborhood and civil society buildings successfully SCRUTINISE training budgets and expenditure and maintain governments to account for the availability of free, high quality, inclusive public training particularly for ladies and marginalised youngsters.

Some of the obstacles that the mission goals to handle embrace discrimination, insufficient financing and the proliferation of personal, low-cost colleges.

Following a collection of research performed by the mission workforce and others, ActionAid Nigeria is excited about constructing on present analysis and gathering extra proof to help efficient advocacy and campaigning totally free, high quality, inclusive public training – particularly for ladies, youngsters with disabilities and different marginalised teams.

The analysis will give attention to the position of personal sector actors in training, notably on the partnership between Bridge International Academy and quite a lot of state governments in Nigeria. A latest research performed by ActionAid International in collaboration with the Centre for Education & International Development, University College London Institute of Education entitled Private training and compliance with the Abidjan Principles: the case of Nigeria, discovered a rise within the position being performed by non-public sector actors, together with charitable foundations and worldwide for-profit corporations, in primary training in partnership with state and native governments.

The analysis additionally confirmed that this association has led to the institution of latest forms of non-public colleges in Nigeria, stating that: “In cities like Lagos, with a large low-cost private school sector, a second type of international school chain has emerged serving low-income communities. An example of this is Bridge International Academies (BIA)…” (ActionAid, 2020).

BIA started working in Lagos State in 2015, supported by a £3.45 million grant from the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID), and now additionally operates in Kano, Edo and Osun States. The mannequin differs in every of the states and now consists of each low-cost non-public colleges and trainer coaching companies in partnership with state governments. However, quite a lot of research increase considerations concerning the impact of the BIA mannequin on intersecting inequalities drawing consideration to the ways by which youngsters from probably the most marginalised backgrounds are unable to entry such colleges (Harma, 2017; Unterhalter, Ibrahim and Robinson, 2018).

Purpose

  • The goal of this analysis is to construct on the findings of the above-mentioned research to additional study the implications of partnerships between Eko Excel/Edo Best and state governments, with a give attention to Lagos and Edo States. The Lagos State authorities not too long ago launched the Eko Excel (Excellence in Child Education and Learning) and has commenced coaching of academics on using new applied sciences to spice up studying outcomes in partnership with BIA.
  • Similarly, the Edo State authorities has not too long ago initiated the “Edo Best” programme in partnership with BIA. The research can be guided by the Abidjan Principles on the human rights obligations of States to supply public training and to control non-public involvement in training, adopted in 2019 (notably Guiding Principles (GP); GP 23-28 on the best to equality and non-discrimination in training; GP 34-41 on the financing of public training, GP 39; and GPs 47-57 on laws, GP 58-59 on non-instructional, and 64-74 on PPPs and different explicit common ideas on inequalities.
  • The research is anticipated to supply proof on the extent to which partnerships between BIA and state governments in Nigeria improve or diminish the best to free, high quality primary training with a selected give attention to gender inequality and different socioeconomic inequalities particularly incapacity.
  • Given the mission’s give attention to sustainable public financing for public service supply (by way of truthful and progressive tax) the research should additionally contemplate the prevailing tax insurance policies and practices at Federal/State degree and the extent to which quantities at the moment misplaced by way of regressive taxation/evasion/dangerous tax incentives might contribute to raised financing of public training assessed in opposition to GP 34 – 37.
  • This analysis can be used to enhance understanding of the scenario and to help advocacy for the efficient regulation of all non-public training suppliers and the ample financing of free, high quality, public training.
  • Finally, the evaluation will lead to a collection of concrete suggestions for improved laws, implementation and practices to make sure nationwide compliance with the best to training as unpacked within the Abidjan Principles, and different extra home necessities at the State or federal degree.

Areas of Enquiry
The following broad areas of enquiry are anticipated to help the event of a extra detailed analysis framework:

Policy Frameworks:

  • What is the present authorized and coverage framework inside which Eko Excel/Edo Best operates?
  • What different authorized and coverage framework exist for privatization of training within the state?

Inequalities:

  • What are the labour circumstances of the academics and employees concerned within the applications, as assessed in opposition to labour requirements within the State (together with relating to minimal wage and dealing hours), and worldwide requirements?
  • What are the educating circumstances, as in comparison with the best to training requirement as in GP 55 and General Principles?
  • What is the character and focus of Eko Excel/Edo Best coaching? How is studying understood and conceptualised?
  • Are marginalised youngsters (e.g. from rural, semi-rural areas, the poorest, youngsters with incapacity) benefiting/served?
  • Which public colleges and the place are they situated? • What consideration is given to the varied wants of learners?
  • Does the Eko Excel/Edo Best programme lead to any value for learners, immediately or not directly? If so, what’s the affect on them?
  • Looking at the broader systemic degree, does the programme assist to scale back inequalities and segregation, or does it contribute to additional stratification within the training system?
  • What is the financial affect of Covid19 on the Eko Excel/Edo Best for academics vis-à-vis these employed by authorities? Are they receiving full salaries, and so forth.?

Financing:

  • Who are the primary actors concerned within the partnership?
  • What is the character and length of the contract between Eko Excel/Edo Best and the State authorities? • What are the phrases of the contract?
  • What is the rationale for this/these contracts (e.g. why is non-public provision seen to be higher than State provision)? Does it meet the necessities below GP 65 and General Principle?
  • What was the method for the contract, as measured in opposition to GP 66? In explicit, was it participatory, clear, and non-discriminatory?
  • Is the corporate behaving in a clear and accountable method, in full respect of all of the legal guidelines?
  • How is the contract operationalised, as in contrast in opposition to GP 67 – 72? In explicit, is there an ample course of for affect evaluation (GP 71), and does the corporate share information and knowledge (GP 72)?
  • How clear is the programme, together with its prices, modalities, and impacts?
  • What is the full value of the programme?
  • What degree of economic help is being offered by the State and any donor to non-public training suppliers as a share of the full training finances, and in comparison with the general public sector? And how does it evaluate to different States in Nigeria?
  • How value efficient is the mannequin of the partnership? This demand measuring “effectiveness” trying at the method/rationale for the bills and to check them to different examples of training financing fashions.
  • To what extent do prevailing tax insurance policies/observe at Federal/State degree affect on Federal/State’s capability to boost the funds wanted to adequately finance public training
  • Assess the affect of the tax insurance policies/practices on poor youngsters’s entry to high quality public training.
  • What quantities are at the moment misplaced (e.g. to tax incentives, out of date/regressive tax insurance policies) and the way do these evaluate to present finances allocations at Federal/State ranges to training?
  • What is the revenue degree of Bridge, their tax cost, and due diligence in that respect?

Audience:

adsense
  • National and State degree training policymakers, decision-makers and authorities (e.g. Ministry of Education, Ministry of Finance, Revenue Authorities)
  •  National and State-level Civil Society representatives together with representatives of Teachers together with Union members, Education Coalition members, School Based Management Committees/Parent-Teacher Forum
  • Donors
  • INGOs working within the training sector
  • Other researchers and teachers working within the area of training

Approach and Methodology
The research will contain a blended strategies strategy and make use of the identical framework and methodology in each states (staggered to start out with the desk-based analysis from time to time do the first information assortment later when colleges are open:

  • A desk-based evaluation of present literature and present coverage on non-public investments in training in Nigeria;
  • A questionnaire survey of key stakeholders (e.g. academics, college students, mother and father, authorities and union officers) in Edo and Lagos state;
  • School-based observations the place coaching has taken place and expertise is in use to gauge the affect of the strategy;
  • Key informant interviews with stakeholders, each state and non-state actors;
  • Focus group discussions with youngsters and oldsters, SBMC and PTA the place obligatory.
  • Investigation round trainer coaching, sort of academics (together with these with incapacity), employees contracts, upgrading of contract after coaching, contracts with the Government and so forth.

Several research have already been carried on financing of training and the affect of privatisation (together with with a give attention to BIA) in a spread of nations together with Nigeria. This documentation can be reviewed rigorously by the consultant/s to construct on present data and proof within the context of the precise points outlined on this TOR.

Deliverables:

  • Inception report outlining the proposed strategy and methodology together with analysis framework, questions and instruments to information the research.
  •  One nationwide report with separate sections for every state lined through the research which can be used to construct understanding and help advocacy at native, nationwide and worldwide ranges. The report will embrace findings and proposals
  • One coverage transient that summarises key points and proposals with a view to higher have interaction responsibility bearers on the findings and inform sensible actions.

Roles and Responsibilities

  • This piece of analysis can be performed in collaboration between ActionAid International and ActionAid Nigeria and led by the profitable analysis consultant/s. Each organisation’s particular roles and duties inside the total course of in addition to their contributions when it comes to technical experience and monetary help are outlined intimately under:

ActionAid Nigeria in collaboration with the consultant and ActionAid International will:

  • Contribute to the event of the analysis framework, questions and instruments
  • Provide suggestions on draft paperwork
  • Coordinate design and structure of ultimate reports
  • Support the dissemination of the findings
  • Cover the prices of analysis in addition to the fee required to provide the report and coverage transient
  • Coordinate with nation organisational employees and training coalition members
  • Support with the identification of key respondents and, the place obligatory entry to implementation areas

ActionAid International:

  • Contribute to the event of the analysis framework, questions, instruments
  • Provide suggestions on draft paperwork
  • Support the dissemination of findings
  • Contribute to the design and structure of analysis product

Consultant/s:

  • Produce a short inception report confirming understanding of the duty and outlining methodology, timeframe and finances
  • Work with ActionAid Nigeria and ActionAid International to design the analysis framework, questions, strategies and instruments
  • Draft the general report utilizing agreed analysis framework, questions, strategies and instruments (submit at least 2 drafts earlier than finalization)
  • Draft the coverage transient based mostly on key findings and proposals from the primary report

Timeframe:

  • The analysis will commerce in September 2020 and it will embrace improvement of instruments, area work, reporting in addition to collection of conferences with ActionAid.

Selection Criteria for the Consultant

  • ActionAid Nigeria is searching for a certified and skilled consultant, or workforce of consultants with a background in training (particularly points associated to training financing, finances evaluation, tax coverage evaluation, Public-Private Partnerships and the Bridge Model), data of the Abidjan Principles and expertise of social analysis, who will have the ability to lead on this analysis initiative.

Essential:

  • Advanced Degree within the area of Education, Human Rights, Social Research, Economics or one other related Social Science topic.
  • Understanding of points associated to human rights, particularly the best to training in addition to present discourse round training financing (together with the position of tax in public sector financing), and Public Private Partnerships.
  • campaigning for tax justice
  • The skill to speak clearly with a variety of audiences and stakeholders and an understanding of easy methods to talk complicated points in easy, compelling language
  • Fluency in written and spoken English and the flexibility to put in writing clearly and concisely for numerous audiences.
  • Knowledge of languages spoken in Edo and Lagos states can be an added benefit.
  • Experience of secondary analysis and authorized/coverage evaluation (particularly tax coverage evaluation) and confirmed observe report of related analysis specializing in the above-listed points in a number of of the mission international locations
  • Experience of major information assortment and evaluation together with by way of participatory strategies
  • Experience of working with worldwide NGOs, nationwide training coalitions and organization

Desirable:

  • Experience of working with ActionAid.
  • Understanding of/familiarity with human rights-based strategy to analysis and advocacy on training financing, tax and privatisation.
  • A workforce that’s in a position to attract on researchers, analysis institutes or postgraduate college students based mostly in Nigeria.

Selection Process:
Candidate choice can be based mostly on the next standards:

  • The skill to answer and meet the important and fascinating specs outlined on this time period of reference.
  • Demonstrated capability to undertake the kind of companies sought.
  • Relevant tutorial {and professional} {qualifications} and expertise.
  • Proposed finances and schedule.

How to Apply
Interested and certified candidates should submit the next application paperwork:

  • A replica of the CV or CVs of the consultant or consultants who can be assigned to conduct the work
  • A quick technical proposal (max 4-6 sides of A4) detailing:
    • How the consultant/s meet the choice standards
    • Their understanding of the Terms of Reference
    • Financial proposal
    • Availability
  • A pattern of related reports or publications
  • Contact particulars of two impartial referees

Please send your functions to: [email protected]

Click here for more information

Application Deadline  twentieth November, 2020.

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