Military Coup in Myanmar, Aung San Suu Kyi detained

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Military Coup in Myanmar, Aung San Suu Kyi detained 

The army of Myanmar staged a coup on Monday and detained senior politicians, including Nobel laureate Aung San Suu Kyi, a sharp reversal of the Southeast Asian nation’s significant, if uneven, progress toward democracy after five decades of military rule.

An announcement read on military-owned Myawaddy TV stated that for one year, Commander-in-Chief Senior Gen. Min Aung Hlaing would be responsible for the country. It said the seizure was necessary because in November’s elections, the government had not acted on the military’s allegations of fraud, in which Suu Kyi’s ruling party won a majority of parliamentary seats for grabs, and because it allowed the election to go ahead despite the pandemic of coronavirus.

The takeover came the morning the new parliamentary session of the country was to begin and follows days of concern about the coming of a coup. The military maintains that its actions are legally justified, citing a section of the constitution it drafted that enables it to take control in times of national emergency, although it amounts to a coup by Suu Kyi’s party spokesman and many international observers.

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For Myanmar, which emerged from decades of strict military rule and international isolation that began in 1962, it was a dramatic backslide. For Suu Kyi, a Nobel peace laureate who had lived under house arrest for years as she tried to push her country towards democracy, it was also a shocking fall from power after her National League for Democracy won elections in 2015, and then became its de facto leader.

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While Suu Kyi, while under house arrest, had been a fierce antagonist of the army since her release and return to politics, she had to work with the generals of the country who never fully gave up power. While the 75-year-old has remained wildly popular at home, Suu Kyi’s deference to the generals has left her international reputation in tatters, going so far as to defend their crackdown on Rohingya Muslims that the United States and others have labeled genocide.

For some, the takeover on Monday was seen as confirmation that, despite the veneer of democracy, the military holds ultimate power. Human Rights Watch, based in New York, has previously described the Constitution clause invoked by the military as a “coup mechanism in waiting.”

The spark may have been the embarrassingly poor showing of the military-backed party in the November vote.

The takeover was merely a “pretext for the military to reassert their full influence over the country’s political infrastructure and to determine the future, at least in the short term,” Larry Jagan, an independent analyst, said, adding that the generals do not want Suu Kyi to be part of that future.

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The coup now presents a test for the international community that, while under military rule, had ostracized Myanmar and then embraced Suu Kyi’s government enthusiastically as a sign that the country was finally on the path to democracy. There are likely to be calls for at least some of the sanctions that the country has faced for a long time to be reintroduced.

Reports that Suu Kyi and Win Myint, the president of the country, had been detained before dawn were the first signs that the military was planning to seize power.

Myo Nyunt, a spokesman for Suu Kyi’s party, told the online news service The Irrawaddy that in addition to Suu Kyi and the president, members of the party’s Central Executive Committee, many of its lawmakers and other senior leaders had also been taken into custody.

Television signals were cut across the country while passenger flights were grounded, as was telephone and internet access in Naypyitaw, the capital. Phone service was also reported down in other parts of the country, although in many areas people were still able to use the internet.

As the word of the military’s actions spread in Yangon, the largest city in the country, there was a growing sense of unease among residents who had packed into tea shops for breakfast earlier in the day and went shopping in the morning.

People removed the bright red flags of Suu Kyi’s party by midday, which once adorned their homes and businesses. As individuals waited to take out cash, lines formed at ATMs, efforts that were complicated by internet disruptions. Workers at certain companies have decided to go home.

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On one of its Facebook pages, Suu Kyi’s party released a statement saying the actions of the military were unjustified and went against the constitution and the will of voters. The declaration urged people to oppose the “coup” of Monday and any return to “military dictatorship.” It was not possible to confirm who posted the message as members of the party did not respond to phone calls.

Military Coup in Myanmar Aung San Suu Kyi detained

International condemnation was also received for the actions of the military and many countries called for the release of the detained leaders.

US. U.S. Anthony Blinken, Secretary of State, expressed “serious concern and alarm” over the detentions reported.

We call for the release of all government officials and civil society leaders by the Burmese military leaders and respect the will of the people of Burma as expressed in the democratic elections,” he wrote in a statement using the former name of Myanmar.”

Oh! U.N. “According to his spokesman, Secretary-General Antonio Guterres called the developments a “serious blow to democratic reforms. An emergency meeting will be held by the Security Council on the actions of the military. Britain, which currently holds the presidency of the council, said it would likely take place on Tuesday.

To the U.N. high commissioner for human rights said in a statement that, in addition to politicians, the people detained included human rights defenders, journalists and activists.

In addition to announcing that the commander in chief would be charge, the military TV report said Vice President Myint Swe would be elevated to acting president. Myint Swe is a former general best known for having led a brutal crackdown in 2007 against Buddhist monks. He is a close ally of Than Shwe, the leader of the junta, who for nearly two decades ruled Myanmar.

Military Coup in Myanmar Aung San Suu Kyi detained

The military said in a later announcement that an election would take place in a year and that the military would hand power to the winner.

The military justified its move by citing a clause implemented during military rule in the 2008 constitution, which says that in cases of national emergency, the executive, legislative and judicial powers of the government can be handed over to the military commander-in-chief.

It is just one of many sections of the Charter that ensured that the military was able to maintain ultimate control over the nation. The military is permitted to appoint its members to 25% of the seats in Parliament and controls several key security and defense ministries.

In November polls, the party of Suu Kyi captured 396 out of 476 seats in the lower and upper houses of Parliament for the real election.

Although it has not provided any convincing evidence, the military has charged that there was massive fraud in the election, especially with regard to voter lists. Last week, the State Union Election Commission rejected their allegations.

Last week, when a military spokesman declined to rule out the possibility of a coup when asked by a reporter to do so at a news conference on Tuesday, concerns about a takeover grew.

Then, in a speech on Wednesday, the military chief told senior officers that if the laws were not properly enforced, the constitution might be revoked. Fears were also raised by the unusual deployment of armored vehicles in the streets of several large cities.

On Saturday and Sunday, however, the military denied it had threatened a coup, accusing unnamed organizations and media of misrepresenting its position.

# Military Coup in Myanmar Aung San Suu Kyi detained

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