Ukraine has declared martial law, which will last for 30 days, starting at 05:30 on February 24, 2022.
This is stated in President Volodymyr Zelensky’s decree No. 64/2022, which is available on the Head of State’s website, according to Ukrinform.
The document reads, “To impose martial law in Ukraine from 05:30 on February 24, 2022, for a period of 30 days.”
The military command, along with the Ministry of Internal Affairs, other executive bodies, and local self-government bodies, must ensure the measures and powers provided by the Law of Ukraine “On Legal Regime of Martial Law” necessary to ensure Ukraine’s defense, public safety, and state interests, according to the decree.
The constitutional rights and freedoms of persons and citizens provided for in Articles 30-34, 38, 39, 41-44, and 53 of Ukraine’s Constitution may be temporarily restricted, as well as temporary restrictions on the rights and legitimate interests of legal entities, if martial law is imposed in Ukraine.
The Ukrainian Cabinet of Ministers must immediately put in place a plan to implement and ensure the legal regime of martial law in Ukraine, as well as provide adequate funding.
The State Emergency Service has been directed to make the unified state civil protection system, as well as its functional and territorial subsystems, ready to perform tasks in a special period as soon as possible, in collaboration with local state administrations and other government bodies, institutions, enterprises, and organizations of all types of ownership.
Furthermore, regional, Kyiv city state administrations, and local self-government bodies should form defense councils and assist the military command in establishing and implementing martial law measures.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs must notify the United Nations Secretary-General and foreign officials in the prescribed manner about the imposition of martial law in Ukraine, as well as restrictions on human and civil rights and freedoms, which is a violation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, as well as the extent of these violations and the reasons for such a decision.
As previously reported, the Verkhovna Rada approved a presidential decree declaring martial law across Ukraine. The decision was approved by 300 MPs.
On February 24, Russia launched an attack on Ukraine and declared war.
Russian forces targeted airfields in Boryspil, Ozerne, Kulbakine, Chuhuiv, Kramatorsk, Chornobayivka, as well as military facilities of the Ukrainian Armed Forces.
Russian troops backed by Belarus attacked Ukraine’s state border with Russia and Belarus. In the regions of Chernihiv, Sumy, Luhansk, and Kharkiv, Russian armored vehicles crossed the Ukrainian border.
What exactly is martial law?
Declaring martial law means giving military and armed forces control over a specific area.
It is usually used when civil authorities, such as police and other emergency services, become overburdened during an emergency.
Martial law, which is intended to be imposed only temporarily, has been used in the past to respond to foreign invasions, riots, and natural disasters all over the world.
Military forces may be used for a variety of purposes, including stopping looting, maintaining order, imposing a curfew, and securing government buildings.
What does it mean for Ukraine?.
The precise details of martial law vary by country, and the restrictions imposed by such declarations can be tweaked and set by leaders at any time.
Martial law was last declared in Ukraine in 2018, in ten regions mostly bordering Russia, in an effort to shore up the country’s defenses against escalating tensions.
For 30 days, all Russian men aged 16 to 60 were prohibited from entering Ukraine, fearing the formation of “private” armies within its borders.
President Zelensky has yet to specify what restrictions Ukraine will face during the current period of martial law, but they will almost certainly be announced soon.
Zelensky has urged people with military experience to “join the defense of Ukraine” and has requested blood donations to assist wounded soldiers.
“We will give weapons to anyone who wants to defend the country,” he has also stated. Prepare to show your support for Ukraine in the streets of our cities.
“We will lift sanctions against all Ukrainian citizens who are willing to defend our country as part of territorial defense with weapons in their hands.”